In Provincial Congress, Concord, April 15, 1775.


WHEREAS it has pleased the righteous Sovereign of the Universe, in just Indignation against the

Sins of a People long blessed with inestimable Privileges, civil and religious, to suffer the Plots of

wicked Men on both Sides of the Atlantcik, who for many Years have incessantly laboured to sap

the Foundation of our public Liberties, so far to succeed; that we see the New-England Colonies

reduced to the ungrateful Alternative of a tame Submission to a State of absolute Vassalage to the

Will of a despotic Minister—or of preparing themselves speedily to defend, at the Hazard of Life,

the unalienable Rights of themselves and Posterity, against the avowed Hostilities of their Parent

State, who openly threatens to wrest them from their Hands by Fire and Sword.


In Circumstances dark as these, it becomes us, as Men and Christians, to reflect that, whilst every

prudent Measure should be taken to ward off the impending Judgments, or prepare to act a proper

Part under them when they come; at the same Time, all Confidence must be with-held from the

Means we use; and reposed only on that GOD who rules in the Armies of Heaven, and without

whose Blessing the best human Counsels are but Foolishness—and all created Power Vanity;

It is the Happiness of his Church that, when the Powers of Earth and Hell combine against it, and

those who should be Nursing Fathers become its Persecutors—then the Throne of Grace is of the

easiest Access—and its Appeal thither is graciously invited by the Father of Mercies, who has

assured it, that when his Children ask Bread he will not give them a Stone:


Therefore, in Compliance with the laudable Practice of the People of GOD in all Ages, with

humble Regard to the Steps of Divine Providence towards this oppressed threatened and

endangered People, and especially in Obedience to the Command Heaven, that binds us to call on

him in the Day of Trouble, —


RESOLVED, That it be, and hereby is recommended to the good People of this Colony, of all

Denominations, That THURSDAY the Eleventh Day of May next be set apart as a Day of Public

Humiliation, Fasting and Prayer; that a total Abstinence from servile Labor and Recreation be

observed, and all their religious Assemblies solemnly convened, to humble themselves before

GOD under the heavy Judgments felt and feared, to confess the Sins that have deserved them, to

implore the Forgiveness of all our Transgressions, and a Spirit of Repentance and Reformation—

and a Blessing on the Husbandry, Manufactures, and other lawful Employments of this People;

and especially that the Union of the American Colonies in Defence of their Rights (for which

hitherto we desire to thank Almighty GOD) may be preserved and confirmed,—that the Provincial

and especially the Continental CONGRESSES, may be directed to such Measures as GOD will

countenance.—That the People of Great-Britain, and their Rulers, may have their Eyes open'd to

discern the Things that shall make for the Peace of the Nation and all its Connexions—And that

AMERICA may soon behold a gracious Interposition of Heaven, for the Redress of her many

Grievances, the Restoration of all her invaded Liberties, and their Security to the latest



By Order of the Provincial Congress, JOHN HANCOCK, President.